英文短含义：Grimy things are so dirty that it takes some scrubbing to clean them. You’ll probably feel pretty grimy after a day spent trying to fix the engine of an old car./
英文长含义：When something is grimy, the dirt is ingrained or set in, not just on the surface. Jobs that leave you covered in oil, tar, or dirt are grimy. If you wear gloves to transplant your grandma’s flowers, you won’t end up with grimy fingernails. The adjective grimy comes from grime, "ingrained dirt," which goes back to a root that means "to smear."
当某物很脏时，污垢就会根深蒂固或固定在其中，而不仅仅是在表面上。让你沾满油污、焦油或污垢的工作是肮脏的。如果你戴手套去移植你奶奶的花，你的指甲不会很脏。形容词 grimy 来自 grime，“根深蒂固的污垢”，它可以追溯到一个词根，意思是“涂抹”。
例句1：The whole setup is faintly backlit by light filtering through grimy windows at the opposite end of the house.
- from Odd One Out
例句2：Now, its white paint was peeling, its shutters were cracked, its windows were grimy with dust.
- from A Tangle of Knots
例句3：“Why you gotta step all over my clean new sneaks with your grimy house slippers!”
- from The Stars Beneath Our Feet
英文短含义：Things that are gloomy, stark, ghastly, and somber are grim. Sunshine, puppies, and rainbows are not grim; zombies, reapers, and mummies are grim. Less scary things like drizzly, foggy days can also be called grim./
英文长含义：Two famous uses of the adjective grim are the Grim Reaper and Grimm’s Fairy Tales. Mr. Reaper shows up in movies and books wearing a long, hooded black cape and carrying a scythe, or long-handled blade used, in less grim circumstances, for mowing grass and reaping grain: he represents death. The real-life German brothers wrote some bone-chilling tales under their own name, Grimm, meaning "cruel, fierce," which is related to the English word grim. Modern grim things include crime-drama images of dead bodies and characters in horror movies.
例句1：Face grim, the farmer stepped close behind the mercenary and stabbed down hard, driving the whole of the short blade deep into the mercenary’s body where the shoulder meets the neck.
- from The Name of the Wind
例句2：It was lovely and expressive and born of grim necessity.
- from Mountains Beyond Mountains
例句3：Many of them were wearing the same shades of orange and blue as Mrs. Childers, but their grim expressions made it seem more like they were headed to a funeral than to a sporting event.
- from The Strangers
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