英文短含义：Conscious is an adjective that simply means alert and awake. If you fall from a tree and smack your head on the side of the wheelbarrow, there’s a good chance you won’t be conscious afterward./
英文长含义：Conscious is a Latin word whose original meaning was “knowing” or “aware.” So a conscious person has an awareness of her environment and her own existence and thoughts. If you’re “self-conscious,” you’re overly aware and even embarrassed by how you think you look or act. But that sounds better than being unconscious, or totally unaware and out of it.
例句1：Presently I stood within that clean, bright kitchen—on the very hearth—trembling, sickening; conscious of an aspect in the last degree ghastly, wild, and weather-beaten.
– from Jane Eyre
例句2：“They are calling it a massive stroke. We’re lucky he didn’t die. But he’s still not conscious yet, so we don’t know how it has affected him.”
– from Finding Junie Kim
例句3：Several people who remained conscious throughout, while appearing to have been quite dead, could only describe a remarkable sensation of detachment.
– from The Lives of a Cell
英文短含义：A conscience is a built-in sense of what’s right and what’s wrong. That sick feeling in your stomach after you lied to your brother about borrowing his skateboard? That might be your conscience bothering you./
英文长含义：The word conscience contains the word science, which comes from the Latin word scientia, meaning “to know” or “knowledge.” You can think of your conscience as your knowledge of yourself, especially when it comes to your own morals, or your feelings about right and wrong. Pangs of conscience, which feel like an uncomfortable inner voice, are helpful when you’re trying to decide the right thing to do in a particular situation.
例句1：“He just wants to save his own skin. That’s why he’s helping us! He doesn’t have a guilty conscience, oh no. Why should he?”
– from Inkheart
例句2：He gazed at them unseeingly, fighting against his conscience, against beginning to see the justice in what Aurelia had said.
– from Tiger, Tiger
例句3：So they went to this early mass, got it over with and went home and slept all day with a free conscience.
– from A Tree Grows in Brooklyn
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