单词详解 | cult



In addition to collecting ballots during Sunday worship, he urged his evangelical congregation to oppose a ballot measure that would enshrine abortion rights in California’s Constitution, calling it “the death cult proposition.”
Washington Times

“When asked how to know when you are in a cult, I said count the number of Hollywood stars in it,” he would tell his audience.
New York Times

Nor will his followers simply extricate themselves from a movement that’s more cult than political party.
Washington Post

a system of religious beliefs and rituals
n. 异教,异教组织;狂热崇拜,迷信;(特定群体的)偶像,时尚;崇拜者,信徒;宗教信仰,宗教习俗

cultus,religious cult,craze,fad,furor,furore,rage

People argue about whether the major religions of the world are just well-established cults — that, age and size aside, they are no different from any group that follows a spiritual leader.

A cult is group of people defined by a "religious" devotion to something — often a self-appointed leader. Most people view cults as strange and frightening, mostly because cults have, over the years, done some strange and frightening things, including murders and mass suicides. Sometimes, too, you’ll see cult used as an adjective to describe something or someone with a small, devoted fan-base. John Water’s movies are cult favorites, adored by a select group of film lovers but not by the public at large.
邪教是由对某事的“宗教”奉献定义的一群人——通常是自封的领袖。大多数人认为邪教是奇怪和可怕的,主要是因为多年来邪教做了一些奇怪和可怕的事情,包括谋杀和集体自杀。有时,您也会看到 cult 被用作形容词来描述拥有少量忠实粉丝的某物或某人。约翰·沃特 (John Water) 的电影是狂热的最爱,受到一小部分电影爱好者的喜爱,但并未受到广大公众的喜爱。

They sounded like some other secret cult thing.
Shadowshaper by Daniel José Older

He sat apart from the rest of the cult of suicides, his legs crooked impossibly.
The Astonishing Life of Octavian Nothing, Traitor to the Nation, Volume II: The Kingdom on the Waves by M.T. Anderson

In a religious context, cult refers to a relatively small group of people dedicated to a set of beliefs that are outside mainstream theology.
An Indigenous People’s History of the United States by Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz

cult (n.)1610s, "worship, homage" (a sense now obsolete); 1670s, "a particular form or system of worship;" from French culte (17c.), from Latin cultus "care, labor; cultivation, culture; worship, reverence," originally "tended, cultivated," past participle of colere "to till" (see colony).The word was rare after 17c., but it was revived mid-19c. (sometimes in French form culte) with reference to ancient or primitive systems of religious belief and worship, especially the rites and ceremonies employed in such worship. Extended meaning "devoted attention to a particular person or thing" is from 1829.Cult. An organized group of people, religious or not, with whom you disagree. [Hugh Rawson, "Wicked Words," 1993]Cult is a term which, as we value exactness, we can ill do without, seeing how completely religion has lost its original signification. Fitzedward Hall, "Modern English," 1873]Related entries & more 

cult (n.)1610s,“崇拜,敬意”(现在已经过时的意思); 1670 年代,“一种特定的崇拜形式或制度;”源自法语 culte (17c.),源自拉丁语 cultus“照料、劳动;培养、文化;崇拜、崇敬”,最初是“照料、培养”,colere“to till”的过去分词(参见殖民地)。这个词在之后很少见17c.,但它在 19c 中期复活。 (有时法语形式 culte)指的是古代或原始的宗教信仰和崇拜系统,特别是这种崇拜中采用的仪式和仪式。引申义“专注于特定的人或事物”来自 1829.Cult。一群有组织的人,无论是否有宗教信仰,你不同意。 [Hugh Rawson,“Wicked Words”,1993 年]Cult 是一个术语,因为我们重视精确性,我们不能没有它,因为宗教已经完全失去了它的原始含义。 Fitzedward Hall,“现代英语”,1873 年]相关条目及更多

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